The brothers Armand and Henri Dufaux of Geneva were the most successful of
the Swiss pioneers of aviation. The C1 was, at the least, an imaginative approach
to the problem of using a forward-firing machine gun on an airplane. The 110
hp Le Rhône engine was mounted inside the fuselage near the center of
gravity and rotated through a slot in the lower fuselage. The propellor was
connected to the engine by a hollow shaft which was itself connected to
two star-shaped frameworks on either end of the fuselage: this was the only
thing holding the airframe together aside from two tie rods running from the
undercarriage struts to the tail skid. The pilot and gunner sat side by
side in the cockpit in the extreme nose of the craft. This plane actually was
sent to Escadrille N95 for operational trials--wiser heads prevailed and only
the one prototype was ever built.
This model was built from the 1/72 Scaleplanes vacuform kit, with Aeroclub
engine, propellor, seats, and Lewis gun. Rigging is 'invisible' nylon thread,
and all painting was by brush with oil-base enamels.
In 1911, Raymond Saulnier and his childhood friends Leon and Robert
Morane formed the Morane-Saulnier Airplane company to manufacture monoplanes.
In December, 1913, they exhibited two shoulder-wing monoplanes, Types G
and H, and an early Type L parasol-wing monoplane, at the Paris Salon.
Within six months, they produced the first Type N, a significant development
of the G/H: it retained the shoulder-wing design, but faired out the fuselage
into a circular cross section, and a large spinner nearly covered the 80
hp Gnome engine (this was later to cause cooling problems.) Despite its
relatively sleek and streamlined appearance, the airplane's early date
was betrayed by its flimsy tail surfaces and its use of wing-warping instead
of ailerons for flight control. When war came, the Morane-Saulnier aircraft
were among the first to fly over the trenches; a primitive method of firing
a machine gun through the arc of the propellor, using bullet-deflecting
steel wedges on the back of the propellor, was installed on Type L aircraft
and later on the Type N. A revised Type N made its appearance in the summer
of 1915, with the 80 hp Le Rhone engine now standard; it was immediately
popular with French pilots but the 25 or so built were scattered among
The British bought another 25 'Bullets' and had moderate success against German
observation planes until the introduction of the Fokker E series airplanes.
The model is built from the 1/48
vacuform kit, and represents the plane of the French ace, Jean Navarre. The
entire interior, tail skid, gun mount, and all braces were scratch-built, and
the engine, propellor, wheels, and machine gun are
cast metal parts. Many small Fotocut
parts were also used. Rigging is 'invisible' nylon monofilament thread. All
surfaces, including the national markings and MS logo, were hand-painted in oil
enamel by brush.
plastic tape was used to simulate the wooden reinforcement strips on the wings;
I now know that these are far too wide, but they still look cool. This feature
is often missed by modelers doing the Types N and I: rib tapes would be
incorrect for this airplane. Just for the record, this model is 10 years old
and no sagging or stretching of the monofilament has occurred.
Color Profiles of World War I Combat Planes,
Giorgio Apostolo & Giorgio Begnozzi, translated by Dale McAdoo, Crescent
Books, NY, 1974
he Morane-Saulnier company specialized in monoplanes, producing a series of
models with good flying characteristics. The fear of monoplanes, however, limited
their role in the air war and the Type AI was the last to suffer this prejudice.
Developed from the Type P, the AI was a single-seat fighter which first flew
in August, 1917, and was offered to British forces but Major-General Trenchard
adamantly refused to consider it. Well over 1000 of the Type AI were produced
in two versions: the single-gun MoS.27.C1, and the two-gun MoS.29.C1. Re-equipping
of Nieuport escadrilles with the new Morane-Saulnier began in January, 1918,
and the plane was used by French, Belgian, and American forces. However, several
fatal accidents in February and March involving the failure of the wing caused
the type to be withdrawn. By May, 1918, all the Types AI were gone from front-line
This model was built from the 1/72 Formaplane vacuform kit with the
addition of Aeroclub engine, propellor, wheels, and machine gun. Extensive
detailing was done in the cockpit with scratch-built parts and Fotocut
PE brass elements, and all struts and braces were scratch-built. Rigging is
'invisible' nylon thread; roundels are Microscale decals. The serial
number and all other surfaces were brush painted with oil-base enamels.
Edouard de Niéport (1875-1911) founded the Nieuport company in 1909
and built only monoplanes until 1914. The type IVG appeared in 1911 and was
highly successful; by mid-1912 the French, British, and Italian armies and the
R.N.A.S. had each purchased up to a dozen of the two-seaters, including some
modified as floatplanes. In October, 1911, Capitano Moizo of the Italian Battaglione
Specialisti made possibly the first-ever reconnaissance flight by a military
airplane during the war in Libya. Some of the first static and airborne machine
gun tests were done with this plane, with the gun mounted in a tubular 'pulpit'
to fire over the arc of the propellor. The IVG was also very successful in civil
endeavors, setting new speed and distance records almost every time it flew.
This model was built from the 1/72 Scaleplanes vacuform kit. The engine,
propellor, and seats are cast metal; and Fotocut PE parts were used in
the cockpit and for the wire wheels. Rigging is 'invisible' nylon thread. All
painting was by brush using oil-base enamels.
Primary reference: Pioneer Aircraft 1903-1914, Kenneth Munson, Macmillan